to MARCH : The
at mastering the production of grapes, at maintaining the vegetative
balance of the plant and at insuring its longevity. It is the
delicate operation which asks of the observation and the judgment
by considering various factors bound to the vine, to the ground
and to the climate.
The cutting used in Centre&SHY;Loire is a cutting "simple
Guyot". Although improved by pneumatic and electric tools
the cutting remains long and painful and influences enormously
the returns to come who must be mastered to obtain quality wines.
burning of vine shoots.
in collecting the cut vine shoots and in burning them. Less practised
than formerly in the big exploitations, this technique can be
replaced by the grinding and the burying of vine shoots in the ground
The manuring of fertilizers.
house on the same plot of land during forty years and more. It
necessary to restore to its ground the fertilizing elements removed by the harvests.
The contribution of fertilizer, reasoned, allows the vineyard
to develop its vegetation, its fruits, and to fight against the diseases and the frost.
consists in loosening the foot of the stump by pouring the ground
by the middle of the row. it allows to bury weed and to facilitate
the aeration of the ground and the penetration of rainwater.
grower will be brought to make treatments which are spread out
of the spring till the end of the summer, to fight against the
diseases of the vineyard provoked by mushrooms, and more rarely viruses and bacteria.
of Centre&SHY;Loire are paled up. It is thus advisable to attach
twigs kept in the cutting on wires.
- AUGUST :
We cut the
extremity of the vine branches which do not stop pushing and
absorbing of this fact a good part of the nourishing materials intended for grapes.
of the grape harvests depends on the maturity of grapes. It is
advisable to collect mature and healthy grapes. The maturity
is followed since August by the wine grower and the wine technicians. It allows to determine precisely the optimal date of the grape harvest.
It is the
plowing which must be ended before the big colds and which consists
in returning the ground at feet of stumps, which will so be protected winter frosts.